On the circuit board is a infrared detector pair (one led and one sensor). This is used to monitor the amount of plastic being used. I'll cover that in more detail in a future post. For now, I'm off to ship the extruder so I can hopefully get my Davinci 3D up and running again real soon.
In the future I also hope they offer parts for sale because after 180 days my warranty is up. It looks like the heater element is just held in place by a set screw. Assuming that is the root of the failure, I could have replaced that for a lot less money. So far though, XYZ has been responsive and helpful. I appreciate the support I'm getting.